Screenprintint: Process of pressing ink through a fabric mesh,
which is stretched and held by a frame of metal or wood. Screenprinting
is relatively less expensive than embroidery and generally applied
to T Shirts. It allows better detail than embroidery and lasts longer
than a heat transfer or sublimation print. The print size does not
generally affect the cost- the cost is based on the number of colors/screens
needed to print and the quantity to be printed.
Embroidery: Process of stitching threads into material to create
a logo or design. The embroidery size and detail affect the cost-
the more stitches needed, the higher the cost. The number of thread
colors does not generally affect the cost, like it does in screenprinting.
The threads are controled by a computer program and are created
by a process called digitizing.
Heat Transfer/Sublimation: Imprinting method in which an image
is screened or printed onto a transfer substrate, which is then
laid directly on the material to be imprinted. The image is transferred
from the substrate to the material through heat and pressure.
Pad Printing: Method of imprinting in which a recessed surface
is covered with ink. When the plate is wiped clean, ink remains
in the recessed area. A silicone pad then presses against the plate,
pulls the ink out of the recesses and is pressed directly against
Emboss :Raising an image onmaterial so that the image will lie
above the surface.
Deboss: To press an image into material so it lies below the surface.
Etch: Using chemicals or tools, to carve away metal leaving an
image or carve an image into metal.
Etch print: Using ground glass as part of a clear 'ink', it gives
the etch appearance on glass.
Engraving: Cutting an image into metal, wood or glass by one of
three methods- computerized engraving, hand tracing or hand engraving.
Laser Engraving: Imprinting method by which art or lettering is
cut into a material by a laser beam that vaporizes the portion exposed
through openings in a template.
Foil Stamping: Process in which a metal plate or die is heated
and then pressed against foil into a surface, causing the pigments
of the foil to transfer to the surface. Also called hot-stamping.
Hot Stamping: Dry imprinting process in which a design or type
is set on a relief die that is subsequently impressed by heat and
pressure onto the printing surface.